Pre-K-12 Curriculum and Instruction - Mathematics (6-12)
Mathematics instruction focuses on actively engaging the student in the development of mathematical understanding by working independently and cooperatively to solve problems, estimating and computing efficiently, using appropriate tools, concrete models, and a variety of representations, and conducting investigations and recording findings. There is a shift toward applying mathematical concepts and skills in the context of authentic problems and student understanding of concepts rather than merely following a sequence of procedures. In mathematics classrooms, students will learn to think critically in a mathematical way with an understanding that there are many different solution pathways and sometimes more than one right answer in applied mathematics. Mathematics is the economy of information. The central idea of all mathematics is to discover how knowing some things leads, via reasoning, to knowing more—without having to commit the information to memory as a separate fact. It is the reasoned, logical connections that make mathematics manageable. The implementation of the Georgia Standards of Excellence in Mathematics places the expected emphasis on sense-making, problem solving, reasoning, representation, modeling, representation, connections, and communication.
The Standards for Mathematical Practice represent the habits and attitudes of mathematical thinkers and are integral to the superstructure of GSE mathematics. The practice standards define the way knowledge comes together and is used by students. The Standards for Mathematical Practice describe the expertise that mathematics educators at all levels should seek to develop in their students. The practices are as follows:
- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them;
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively;
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others;
- Model with mathematics;
- Use appropriate tools strategically;
- Attend to precision;
- Look for and make use of structure;
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
The Standards for Mathematical Content offer a balanced combination of procedure and understanding.
Documents and Resources
6-8 Mathematics Standards
High School Mathematics Standards
Georgia Milestones Assessment Resources:
Georgia Milestones Resources
New Georgia Mathematics Standards (Implementation – Fall, 2023)
Georgia’s K-12 Mathematics Standards